is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.
Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and scar the skin. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of such problems.
Causes needed to be explored and proper skin care must be started to condition your skin. In Vogue Clinic, personalised therapy will be tailored in accordance to your skin condition such as regular chemical peel therapy, initiation of oral therapy, topical application and subsequent laser therapy will be planned for complete resolution of mild to moderate acne condition.
2. Acne scars
Acne scars are permanent, meaning they must be treated in order to get rid of them. Several modalities will be adopted by doctor in order to treat your condition.
Treatments include laser treatments, minor skin surgeries, chemical peels, and fillers. The best lasers to treat acne scars is the fractional CO2 laser. The fractional CO2 laser is an ablative resurfacing laser. This means that it uses its laser energy to poke tiny holes through the skin’s surface. The skin’s surface is ablated and new collagen production is stimulated to heal the skin and fill in the pitted acne scars. Fractional CO2 laser treatment requires approximately 5 days of healing time after the treatment, but only one treatment is necessary to see a dramatic improvement in acne scars.
As we age, acne scars often become more noticeable because our skin loses collagen. The key to effective treatment is to select the best one for each scar type. For example, a patient who has some deep scars may benefit from getting a dermal filler, which adds volume to the skin. This may be followed by laser treatments.
Before getting treatment for acne scars, it is important to clear your acne. New acne breakouts can lead to new acne scars. Having acne also means that your skin is inflamed. Inflammation reduces the effectiveness of treatment for acne scars.
3. Facial wrinkle
Wrinkles, a natural part of aging, are most prominent on sun-exposed skin, such as the neck, face, hands and forearms.
Although genetics mainly determine skin structure and texture, sun exposure is a major cause of wrinkles, especially for fair-skinned people. Other factors, such as pollutants and smoking, also contribute to wrinkling.
If your wrinkles bother you, Vogue Clinic is there to help you smooth them or make them less visible. Topical medication, skin-resurfacing laser, dermal fillers, Botulinum toxin A and chemical peeling are the top list of effective wrinkle treatments.
4. Age spot
Age spot is also called liver spots and solar lentigines. They are small dark areas on your skin, vary in size and usually appear on the face, hands, shoulders and arms, areas most exposed to the sun.
Age spots are very common in adults older than 50. But younger people can get them too, especially if they spend a lot of time in the sun. For cosmetic reasons, age spots can be lightened with topical medications, chemical peel, or depigmentation lasers.
You can help prevent the recurrence of age spots by regularly using sunscreen and avoiding the sun.
5. Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, those dark marks or discolored spots left behind after a pimple heals, can be even more aggravating and distressing than pimples themselves.
PIH is the medical term used to describe discoloration of the skin that follows an inflammatory wound. It is the skin’s natural response to inflammation.
PIH usually looks like a flat area of discoloration on the. It can range in color from pink to red, purple, brown or black, depending on your skin tone and depth of the discoloration.
PIH develops when a wound or irritation, like a scrape, rash, or pimple, causes your skin to become inflamed. As the skin heals, it produces too much melanin. Melanin is the protein in the skin that gives the skin its color. It’s the excess melanin that darkens and discolors the skin. This discoloration remains even after the wound has completely healed.
It can develop in all skin types, but it tends to be more severe and longer lasting for people with medium to dark complexions. PIH affects both men and women equally.
PIH can fade away over time, even without treatment. But time is the operative word here. It can take three to 24 months for PIH to fully fade, although in some cases it may take longer.
Treatment is used to help speed up fade time, if you’re not keen to wait for spots to lighten naturally. Among treatments that may be instigated are: chemical peeling, fractional lasers, topical medications, and strict compliance to skincare.
Melasma is a common skin problem. It causes brown to gray-brown patches, usually on the face. Most people get it on their cheeks, bridge of their nose, forehead, chin, and above their upper lip. It also can appear on other parts of the body that get lots of sun, such as the forearms and neck.
One of the most common treatments for melasma is sun protection. This means wearing sunscreen every day and reapplying the sunscreen every 2 hours.
Women are far more likely than men to get melasma. It is so common during pregnancy that melasma is sometimes called “the mask of pregnancy.” Hormones seem to trigger melasma.
Melasma can fade on its own. This usually happens when a trigger, such as a pregnancy or birth control pills, causes the melasma. When a woman delivers her baby or stops taking the birth control pills, melasma can fade.
Some people, however, have melasma for years, or even a lifetime. If the melasma does not go away or a woman wants to keep taking birth control pills, melasma treatments are available. These include topical medications, chemical peel, or laser treatment.
7. Sagging skin
Sagging skin comes with age and extreme weight loss. Whether the drooping skin is on your face or your entire body, you want to restore it to a tighter, firmer look.
Collagen, a protein building block of tissue, gives your skin its strength. Collagen starts to break down with time and damage, such as sun exposure. Elastin, another fiber that helps skin spring back, also becomes less effective as you age.
Among treatment options available are superior topical skin care, Non-invasive face-lifting, and Dermal fillers.
8. Scar removal
Some say scars are a sign of strength. That may be true, but scars can be difficult or embarrassing to live with, effecting your courage, confidence, and self-esteem at every turn.
Depending on the severity of scars, lighter scars can be treated using topical medications or fractional laser.
Deeper scar such as chicken pox scar requires hyaluronic acid Dermal Fillers to lighten the scars’ visibility. Alternatively, it can be naturally treated by your own Platelet-Rich-Plasma or PRP, stimulating cell regeneration from your very own growth factors.
Pores are a reflection of several environmental, physiologic, and genetic factors. Contrary to the beauty industry, there is no single product or treatment that will universally improve pores. The pores enlarge because of hormonal influences, rosacea, the environment, the indoor atmosphere (humid or cool), the oiliness of your skin, and of course, genetics.
You can’t make your pores disappear, but you can make them look smaller. Among the treatment options are proper use of topical medications, chemical peels, micro-needling with PRP, skin rehydration therapy and fractional lasers. The procedures are aimed to increase collagen, provide lustre and skin health, which tightens pores.
10. Skin rehydration
With aging, sebum glands produce less sebum (oil) which causes the skin to lose its moisture retention properties. If your face feels taught, rough and uncomfortable, then you may have dehydrated skin. Dehydrated skin poses a unique set of challenges which is best managed on two fronts: internal and external. Differing in symptoms from dry skin, the signs of dehydration are relatively easy to diagnose.
Dry skin typically refers to skin experiencing unusual topical dryness, perhaps due to the weather or a new treatment. Dehydration, on the other hand, typically refers to skin showing the side effects of internal dehydration.
You know your skin is dehydrated when it has lost volume. Pinch the skin on the back of your hand with your index and thumb fingers. If your skin is hydrated, it quickly bounces back to normal, but if you have dehydrated skin, it slowly goes back down
Dehydration and skin problems that occur from this scenario can be treated using topical rehydration therapy or non-invasive Hyaluronic Acid therapy.
Besides skin dehydration treatments, it is also important to take care of your skin by consuming sufficient daily water intake, applying appropriate topical moisturisers, sunscreen and avoiding direct sun exposure.
11. Uneven skin tone
An uneven skin tone, called hyperpigmentation, is irregular darkening of the skin. The cause: overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin and hair color. The resulting dark patches and spots are typically perceived as “aged skin” and can make you look more than 12 years older.
Among the factors causing uneven skin tone are: overexposure to sun, inconsistent skin care application, hormone, genetic, pollution or post inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
Each factor has to be investigated in order to plan the perfect solution. Treatments available for such condition are: depigmentation laser therapy, topical medications, Platelet Rich Plasma and chemical peeling.
Xanthelasma are yellowish plaques that occur most commonly near the inner canthus of the eyelid, more often on the upper lid than the lower lid. Xanthelasma have a tendency to progress, coalesce, and become permanent.
About half the people with xanthelasma have high cholesterol. You’re more likely to get these growths if you have: High LDL cholesterol or low HDL cholesterol, Inherited high cholesterol.
The patches probably won’t go away on their own. They’ll either stay the same size or grow over time. If you’re worried about how they look, you have the option of removing them by CO2 laser and post procedure medications. Meanwhile, a complete blood test is advised to investigate the level of cholesterol for better health outcome.
13. Skin tag
Skin tags are painless, noncancerous growths on the skin. They’re connected to the skin by a small, thin stalk called a peduncle. Skin tags are common in both men and women, especially after age 50. They can appear anywhere on your body, though they’re commonly found in places where your skin folds such as the: armpits, groin, thighs, eyelids, neck, area under your breasts
Skin tag be easily removed by ablation using CO2 laser and post procedure medications.